His use of words is not to be taken too seriously.
Essay Example: Free Essays - A Clockwork Orange
The President of the United States uses words, the physician or garage mechanic or army general or philosopher uses words, and these words seem to relate to the real world, a world in which taxes must be levied and then avoided, cars have to be run, sicknesses cured, great thoughts thought and decisive battles engaged.
No creator of plots or personages, however great, is to be thought of as a serious thinker—not even Shakespeare. Indeed, it is hard to know what the imaginative writer really does think, since he is hidden behind his scenes and his characters. Even the tragic dramatist remains a clown, blowing a sad tune on a battered trombone. And then his tragic mood is over and he becomes a buffoon, tumbling about and walking on his hands.
Not to be taken seriously. He finds himself forced to give his own views of deep matters. The occasion of this compulsion may well be a sudden public interest in one of his novels—a book he wrote without profound consideration of its meaning, an intended rent-paying potboiler that turned out to have a significance unguessed at by the author.
I find myself now writing a book a good deal different from any I have written before, and the occasion of my writing it is less public interest in one of my novels than public interest in a film made from one of my novels. I have found myself called upon to explain the true meaning of both book and film in all the public media of America, as well as some of those in Europe, and my explanation has been more or less as follows. First, the title. It is an old Cockney slang phrase, implying a queerness or madness so extreme as to subvert nature, since could any notion be more bizarre than that of a clockwork orange?
The image appealed to me as something not just fantastic but obscurely meaningful, surrealistic but also obscenely real. The forced marriage of an organism to a mechanism, of a thing living, growing, sweet, juicy, to a cold dead artifact—is that solely a concept of nightmare? I discovered the relevance of this image to twentieth-century life when, in , I began to write a novel about curing juvenile delinquency. I had read somewhere that it would be a good idea to liquidate the criminal impulse through aversion therapy; I was appalled.
I began to work out the implications of this notion in a brief work of fiction. The hero of both the book and the film is a young thug called Alex. I gave him that name because of its international character you could not have a British or Russian boy called Chuck or Butch , and also because of its ironic connotations. Alex is a comic reduction of Alexander the Great, slashing his way through the world and conquering it.
But he is changed into the conquered—impotent, wordless. He was a law a lex unto himself; he becomes a creature without a lex or lexicon. At the beginning of the book and the film, Alex is a human being endowed, perhaps overendowed, with three characteristics that we regard as essential attributes of man. With his companions—less human than he, since they do not care much for music—he terrorizes the streets of a great city at night.
This city could be anywhere, but I visualized it as a sort of compound of my native Manchester, Leningrad, and New York.
The time could be any time, but it is essentially now. Alex and his friends rob, maim, rape, vandalize, eventually kill. The young antihero is arrested and punished, but punishment is not enough for the state. Because imprisonment is not noticeably a deterrent to crime, the Home Office or Ministry of the Interior introduces a form of aversion therapy guaranteed, in a mere two weeks, to eliminate criminal propensities forever. He is injected with a substance that brings on extreme nausea, and the onset of nausea is deliberately associated with the enforced viewing of films about violence. Soon he cannot contemplate violence without feeling desperately sick.
As the act of love has been to him merely an aspect of aggression, even the sight of a desirable sexual partner brings on intolerable nausea. But men are not, after all, machines, and the demarcation of one human impulse from another is always difficult. After his treatment, the reformed delinquent finds that he can no longer listen to Beethoven without feeling desperately ill. The state has gone too far: it has entered a region beyond its covenant with the citizen; it has closed to its victim a whole world of non-moral goodness, the vision of paradisal order which great music conveys.
Essay, term paper, research paper: A Clockwork Orange
Maddened by a recording of the Ninth Symphony, Alex attempts suicide. We take leave of him as he dreams of new and more elaborate patterns of aggression. It is meant to be a happy ending. When Alex has the power of choice, he chooses only violence. But, as his love of music shows, there are other areas of choice. In the British edition of the book—though not in the American, nor in the film—there is an epilogue that shows Alex growing up, learning distaste for his old way of life, thinking of love as more than a mode of violence, even foreseeing himself as a husband and father.
The way has always been open; at last he chooses to take it. He has been a sour orange; now he is filling with something like decent human sweetness. Is freedom of choice really all that important? For that matter, is man capable of it? These are questions I must ask and attempt to answer. For the moment, I have to record that I have been derided and rebuked for expressing my fears of the power of the modern state—whether it be Russia, China, or what we may term Anglo-America—to reduce the freedom of the individual.
Indeed, B. Our world is in a bad way, says Skinner, what with the problems of war, pollution of the environment, civil violence, the population explosion. Human behavior must change—that much, he says, is self-evident, and few would disagree—and in order to do this we need a technology of human behavior. We can leave out of account the inner man, the man we meet when we debate with ourselves, the hidden being concerned with God and the soul and ultimate reality.
We must view man from the outside, considering particularly what makes one item of human behavior move on to another. The behaviorist approach to man, of which Professor Skinner is a great exponent, sees him moved to various kinds of action by aversive and non-aversive inducements. Fear of the whip drove the slave to work; fear of dismissal still drives the wage-slave to work. It is such negative reinforcements to action that Professor Skinner condemns; what he wants to see more of is positive reinforcements.
You teach a circus animal tricks not by cruelty but by kindness. Skinner should know: much of his experimental work has been with animals; some of his achievements in animal conditioning approach a high professional circus level. Given the right positive inducements—to which we respond not rationally but through our conditioned instincts—we shall all become better citizens, submissive to a state that has the good of the community at heart.
We must, so the argument goes, not fear conditioning. All are persuasive speeches, but have different subject matter and content. Policy persuasive speech is a type of persuasive speech given to convince the audience whether or not to support a policy, candidate, or rule. Value persuasive speech questions the morality of an issue, whether it is right or wrong. Factual persuasive speech is a question of fact, whether or not something exists or does not exist. We have rephrased your selected paragraph. Like a real writer, MyEssaybot helps you select paragraphs from different web sources, rephrase each paragraph, and assemble them into an essay.
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Start Writing. Please enter a descriptive essay title, or what you will write about:. Please make it more specific, like these: A sample description. As a temporary description of myself I would say that I believe that nothing can be written on a stone. Writing on a stone is a lie that we endure from the beginning of our civilisation.
The word marked on a stone started as a mean of writing. The first things we wrote were written on a stone.
Final — but is the required review essay writing. Having no Read Full Report saturday, non-plagiarized essay paper, research documents. Perhaps i emerged from a clockwork orange Friday, videos about leadership and props set in his reviews, written by william rivers pitt, based on booksie. Being human race or paper college application essay writing lab.
Protagonist alex s breathtaking award-winning london, short-sighted, it deserve its brutal reputation?